Why do dogs get brucellosis?

Brucellosis, also known as undulant fever, is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. While it primarily affects livestock and wildlife, dogs can also contract this zoonotic disease. Here are some key points about brucellosis in dogs:

  1. Transmission:
  • Dogs usually acquire brucellosis through contact with infected animals, contaminated environments, or consumption of raw meat.
  • Breeding dogs are particularly at risk due to close contact during mating.
  1. Symptoms:
  • Brucellosis symptoms in dogs can be subtle or severe.
  • Common signs include lethargy, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, joint pain, and reproductive issues (such as infertility, abortion, or stillbirths).
  1. Diagnosis:
  • Veterinarians diagnose brucellosis through blood tests, bacterial cultures, and serology.
  • Early detection is crucial to prevent further spread.
  1. Treatment:
  • Unfortunately, there is no definitive cure for brucellosis in dogs.
  • Treatment aims to manage symptoms and prevent transmission to other animals and humans.
  • Infected dogs are often euthanized to prevent the disease from spreading.
  1. Prevention:
  • Preventive measures include:
    • Avoiding contact with infected animals.
    • Regular testing of breeding dogs.
    • Proper hygiene and sanitation.
    • Cooking meat thoroughly before feeding it to dogs.

In summary, brucellosis poses a risk to both dogs and humans. Responsible pet ownership, early detection, and veterinary guidance are essential to safeguard our furry companions and prevent the spread of this bacterial infection. 🐾

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