What are the common viral infectious diseases in cats?

Cats can be susceptible to various viral infections. Here are some of the most common ones:

  1. Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP): FIP is caused by the feline coronavirus. While the virus itself is common in cats, it usually results in mild, self-limiting diarrhea. However, in rare cases, the virus mutates within an infected cat, leading to FIP. Clinical signs vary, but the classic “wet FIP” form involves fluid accumulation in the abdomen or chest, causing respiratory distress. Unfortunately, FIP is incurable and fatal once clinical signs appear³.
  2. Cat Flu (Feline Respiratory Disease Complex): Cat flu affects the upper respiratory tract and is common in environments with many cats, such as shelters. Unvaccinated cats, kittens, and older cats are at risk. Secondary bacterial infections, lack of food, and dehydration contribute to fatalities in cat flu cases³.
  3. Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV): FeLV weakens the immune system, making cats susceptible to other infections. It can lead to anemia, lymphoma, and other serious conditions⁴.
  4. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV): Similar to HIV in humans, FIV affects the immune system. Infected cats may remain asymptomatic for years, but eventually, their immune function declines⁴.
  5. Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR): Caused by feline herpesvirus, FVR results in upper respiratory symptoms like sneezing, nasal discharge, and conjunctivitis. Stress can trigger flare-ups³.

Remember that vaccination plays a crucial role in preventing these viral diseases. Regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy lifestyle are essential for your feline friend’s well-being. 🐾

(1) Most Common Viral Diseases in Cats – AnimalWised. https://www.animalwised.com/most-common-viral-diseases-in-cats-4369.html.
(2) 7 Types of Common Cat Viruses Explained – Cats.com. https://cats.com/common-cat-viruses.
(3) The 7 Most Common Viruses and Diseases in Cats – PetWellClinic. https://www.petwellclinic.com/wp/2021/12/03/the-7-most-common-viruses-and-diseases-in-cats/.
(4) . https://bing.com/search?q=common+viral+infectious+diseases+in+cats.
(5) Common Infectious Cat Diseases You Should Know About – The Spruce Pets. https://www.thesprucepets.com/cat-infectious-diseases-3384847.

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