Information about canine viral infectious diseases

Common canine viral infectious diseases include canine distemper, canine parvovirus, canine coronavirus disease, canine infectious hepatitis, canine paratyphoid, etc. Depending on the virus they are infected with, dogs will show different symptoms.

  1. Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease Complex (CIRDC):
  • This complex includes various bacterial and viral pathogens that cause respiratory infections in dogs.
  • Clusters of coughing dogs have been reported across several states, including Colorado, Oregon, Rhode Island, Florida, and New Hampshire.
  • Clinical signs vary but fall into three main syndromes:
    • Chronic mild to moderate tracheobronchitis: Lasting 6 to 8 weeks or longer, often unresponsive to antibiotics.
    • Chronic pneumonia: Poor response to antibiotics.
    • Acute pneumonia: Rapidly severe, leading to poor outcomes within 24 to 36 hours.
  • Veterinary professionals are closely monitoring this outbreak, but no definitive test exists yet¹.
  1. Parvovirus (CPV):
  • Highly infectious and often fatal, CPV attacks a dog’s intestines, impairing nutrient absorption.
  • Symptoms include weakness, dehydration, and severe gastrointestinal distress.
  • Immediate treatment is crucial to improve survival chances⁴.
  1. Other Common Canine Viral Diseases:
  • Rabies: Transmitted through bites from infected animals, it causes seizures, paralysis, and aggression. Rapid treatment is essential.
  • Distemper: Spread via contact with secretions from an infected dog’s nose, leading to pneumonia and seizures.
  • Hepatitis (Adenovirus): Found in feces and saliva.
  • Parainfluenza and Bordetella: Both transmitted by nasal secretions.
  • Lyme disease: Transmitted by ticks⁵.

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