How is feline immunodeficiency virus mainly transmitted?

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a significant infectious disease affecting cats worldwide. Here’s a concise explanation of its transmission:

  1. Primary Mode of Transmission:
    • FIV is primarily transmitted through deep bite wounds from an infected cat. When an FIV-positive cat bites another cat, the virus present in the infected cat’s saliva enters the body tissues of the bitten cat¹².
    • Casual, non-aggressive contact (such as sharing water bowls or mutual grooming) does not appear to be an efficient route for spreading the virus.
    • Other Routes of Transmission:
    • Blood: FIV can also be transmitted through blood, such as during fights or accidents.
    • In Utero: An infected mother cat can transmit FIV to her kittens during pregnancy.
    • Milk: Infected mother cats can also pass the virus to their kittens through milk³.

    2. Prevalence and Risk Factors:

      • FIV-infected cats exist worldwide, but the prevalence varies significantly.
      • In North America, approximately 2.5-5% of healthy cats are infected with FIV. Rates are higher (15% or more) in sick cats or those at high risk of infection.
      • Un-neutered male cats with outdoor access, especially those prone to fighting, are at the greatest risk for FIV infection.

      3. Clinical Phases:

        • Acute Phase: Occurs 1-3 months after infection. The virus spreads to lymph nodes, causing temporary enlargement, fever, depression, and appetite loss.
        • Asymptomatic Phase: May last for months to years, during which cats appear healthy but carry the virus.
        • Progressive Phase: Eventually, immune deficiency sets in, making cats vulnerable to other infections¹.

        While there’s no cure for FIV, cats can live relatively normal lives if not co-infected with feline leukemia virus. Reducing risk involves limiting contact with potentially infected cats, keeping cats indoors, and testing all cats within a household¹. 🐾

        Check here for our product,

        (1) Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) | Cornell University College of ….
        (2) Feline immunodeficiency virus – Wikipedia.
        (3) FIV in Cats | Best Friends Animal Society.
        (4) FIV and Cats: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments – WebMD.

        Leave a Reply

        Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *