What is the difference between canine parainfluenza and canine influenza?

🐾 Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) and canine influenza are both contagious respiratory infections in dogs, but they have distinct characteristics:

  1. Canine Parainfluenza (CPIV):
  • Pathogen: CPIV is caused by a parainfluenza virus.
  • Symptoms: It leads to infectious tracheobronchitis, commonly known as “canine cough.” Signs include coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, and mild fever.
  • Vaccination: Vaccines for CPIV are available and are often included in combination vaccines.
  • Differentiation: Although CPIV symptoms may resemble canine influenza, they are unrelated viruses³.
  1. Canine Influenza:
  • Pathogen: Canine influenza is caused by specific influenza viruses (H3N8 and H3N2).
  • Symptoms: Similar to human flu, it causes more severe respiratory signs, including high fever, lethargy, coughing, and sometimes pneumonia.
  • Vaccination: Separate vaccines are available for each strain (H3N8 and H3N2).
  • Prevalence: Canine influenza outbreaks occur in areas with many dogs, such as shelters, kennels, and dog parks⁴.

Remember, proper vaccination and preventive measures are essential to protect your furry friend! 🐶🌟

Click here to view our testing products,

for CPIV, https://www.ringbio.com/food-test/elisa/chloramphenicol-elisa-kit

for CIV, https://www.ringbio.com/products/pet/canine-influenza-virus-cpiv-ag-rapid-test-kit

(1) Canine Parainfluenza | Merck Animal Health USA. https://www.merck-animal-health-usa.com/condition/canine-parainfluenza.
(2) Parainfluenza Virus Infection in Dogs – Wag!. https://wagwalking.com/condition/parainfluenza-virus-infection.
(3) Key Vaccination: Bordetella, Canine Parainfluenza, and Canine Influenza …. https://www.aaha.org/resources/2022-aaha-canine-vaccination-guidelines/bordetella-canine-parainfluenza-and-canine-influenza/.
(4) Parainfluenza vs. Kennel Cough in Dogs | Dog Care – Daily Puppy. https://dogcare.dailypuppy.com/parainfluenza-vs-kennel-cough-dogs-6075.html.

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